Hey, what’s up, fellow space enthusiasts?

Today, we’re taking a journey to the closest planet to the Sun, Mercury. The planet may be small, but don’t let its size fool you; it is packed with some mind-blowing features.

Now, this small celestial body may not be as captivating as some of the other planets in our solar system, but it definitely has its own charm. For starters, did you know that it is the smallest planet in our solar system? It’s only slightly larger than Earth’s moon! Because it’s so close to the Sun, a year on Mercury only takes 88 Earth days. What’s even more amazing is that a single day on Mercury takes 59 Earth’s days due to the the planet’s slow rotation. Pretty cool, huh?

But speaking of moons, guess what? Mercury doesn’t have any! It’s the only planet in our solar system without a natural satellite.

Mercury is also a geologically fascinating planet. Its surface is covered in craters, similar to our Moon, but it also boasts something truly remarkable: long and extensive scarps, or cliffs. These cliffs can stretch for hundreds of miles and are believed to be a result of the planet’s cooling and shrinking over billions of years. Imagine standing at the base of one of these cliffs; it would be like looking up at a skyscraper! Talk about an otherworldly experience.

Mercury Infocard

Mercury Infocard


Radius 1516 Miles (2440 Km)

Diameter 3032 Miles (4880 Km)

Mass 0..055 Earth masses

Distance Average is 0.4 AU [Astronomical Units] away from the Sun

Temperature Day: 800 °F / Night: -290 ° F

Orbital Period Year: 88 Earth days

Rotation Period Day: 59 Earth days

Obliquity Axial tilt of 0.032 degrees from its own plane or equator*

Orbital Inclination 7 degrees from the eclipltic [Earth’s orbital plane]

Moons 0 / Zero / It does not have any known moons.

Atmosphere None / Exosphere [vacuum] with traces of sodium, magnesium, oxygen

Now, one thing that makes Mercury stand out from the rest is its temperature. During the day, this planet can get hotter than a midday barbecue on Earth. The surface temperature can soar up to a whopping 800 degrees Fahrenheit (430 degrees Celsius), making it the hottest planet in our solar system. But wait, that’s not all! When night falls, brace yourself for a deep freeze as temperatures plummet to around -290 degrees Fahrenheit (-180 degrees Celsius). Talk about a temperature roller coaster!

mercury mercurio

Still grab from animation by J.J. Del Mar


Now, let’s talk about the exploration of Mercury. Our knowledge of this fascinating planet has greatly expanded thanks to the MESSENGER spacecraft, which orbited Mercury from 2011 to 2015. It provided us with valuable data, stunning images, and a deeper understanding of this enigmatic world. But, hey, we’re just scratching the surface of what we can learn about Mercury!

Alright, folks, it’s time to wrap up this mind-blowing journey to Mercury. This little planet may be small, but it’s definitely a big player in our solar system.

Planet Mercury Crescent Animation | Rediscovered Astronomy

Thanks for joining us on this virtual adventure! If you enjoyed this journey to Mercury, don’t forget to click / tap on the menu and go to other planets in our solar system with us. 

Don’t forget to subscribe to our YouTube channel for more awe-inspiring content about space. Until next time, keep exploring, keep dreaming, and keep reaching for the stars! See you in the next virtual trip!



Thanks to JJ Del Mar for his contribution to this page.

#Mercury media made possible by WL Media USA

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